Resources for Facilitating Language Development in Young Children

Vocal Development in Typically Developing Children

McCune, L. Vihman, M. M., Roug-Hellichius, L., Delery, D. B., & Gogate, L. (1996). Grunt communication in human infants (Homo Sapiens). Journal of Comparative Psychology, 110, 27-37.


Nathani, S., Ertmer, D. J. & Stark, R. E. (in press). Assessing vocal development in infants and toddlers. Clinical Linguistics and Phonetics.


Oller, K. D. (1980). The emergence of the sounds of speech in infancy. In G. Yeni-Komshian, J. Kavanaugh, & C. Ferguson (Eds.), Child Phonology (pp.93-112).


Stark, R. E. (1980). Prespeech segmental feature development. In G. Yeni-Komshian, J. Kavanaugh, & C. Ferguson (Eds.), Child Phonology (pp.73-92).


Stark, R. E., Ansel, B. M., & Bond, J. (1988). Are prelinguistic abilities predictive of learning disability? A follow-up study. In R. L. Masland and M. W. Masland (Eds.) Preschool prevention of reading failure. Parkton, MD: York Press.


Stoel-Gammon, C. (1998). Role of babbling and phonology in early linguistic development. In A.M. Wetherby, S. F. Warren, & J. Reichle (Eds.) Transitions in Prelinguistic Communication. Baltimore, MD: Paul H. Brookes Publishing.


Vihman, M. M. (1996). Phonological development: The origins of language in the child. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers.


Vocal Development in Hearing-impaired Children

Ertmer, D. J., Young, N., Grohne, K, Mellon, J. Johnson, C., Corbett, K., & Saindon, K. (submitted). Early vocal development following cochlear implantation: Assessment and intervention for young children. Language, Speech and Hearing Services in the Schools.


Kent, R. D., Osberger, M. J., Netsell, R., & Hustedde, C. (1987). Phonetic development in identical twins differing in auditory function. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 52, 64-75.


Oller, D. K. & Eilers, R. (1988). The role of audition in infant babbling. Child Development, 59, 441-449.


Oller, K. D., Eilers, R., Bull, D., & Carney, A. (1985). Prespeech vocalizations of a deaf infant: A comparison with normal metaphonological development. Journal of Speech and Hearing Research, 28, 47-63.


Osberger, M. J. (1983). Development and evaluation of some speech training procedures for hearing-impaired children. In I. Hochberg, H. Levitt, & M. J. Osberger (Eds.) Speech of the Hearing Impaired: Research, Training, and Personnel Preparation. Baltimore: University Park Press.


Stark, R. E. (1983). Phonatory development in young normally hearing and hearing-impaired children. In I. Hochberg, H. Levitt, & M. J. Osberger (Eds.), Speech of the hearing-impaired: Research, training, and personnel preparation (pp. 297-312). Baltimore: University Park.

Stoel-Gammon, C. (1988). Prelinguistic vocalizations of hearing-impaired and normally hearing subjects: A comparison of consonant inventories. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 53, 302-315.


Vocal Development in Young Children with Cochlear Implants

Ertmer, D. J. & Mellon, J. A. (2001). Beginning to talk at 20 months: Early vocal development in a young cochlear implant recipient. Journal of Speech, Language and Hearing Research, 44, 192-206.


Ertmer, D. J. (2001). Emergence of a vowel system in a young cochlear implant recipient. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research.

McCaffrey, H. A., Davis, B., MacNeilage, P, & von Hapsburg, D. (1999). Multichannel cochlear implantation and the orsganization of early speech. Volta Review, 101, 5 28.


Facilitating Language Development in Young Children

Estabrooks, W. (2000). Cochlear implants for kids. Washington, D.C.: A. G. Bell Association.

Kuhl, P. K. & Meltzoff, A. N. (1996). Infant vocalizations in response to speech: Vocal imitation and developmental change. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 100 (2425-2438).

Leonard, J. S. (1992). Communication intervention with young children at risk for specific communication disorders. Seminars in Speech and Language, 13, 223-235.

Moog, J. S., Biedensterin, J. J., & Davidson, L. S. (1995). Speech Perception Instructional Curriculum and Evaluation. St. Louis, Central Institute for the Deaf.

Proctor, A. (1989). Stages of normal noncry vocal development in infancy: A protocol for assessment. Topics in Language Development, 10, 26-42.


Robbins, A. M. (2000). Rehabilitation after implantation. In J. Niparko, K. Kirk, N. Mellon, A. Robbins, D. Tucci, & B. Wilson, (Eds.), Cochlear Implants: Principles and Practice (pp. 323-363). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Williams, & Wilkins.


Rossetti, L. M. (2001) Communication Intervention: Birth to Three (2nd Ed.). San Diego; Singular-Thompson-Learning.


Stark, R. E. (1989). Early language intervention: When, why, how? Infants and Young Children, 1, 44-53.

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